Tuesday, December 20, 2011

Sadhana Bhumi, Nepal the other home of Yoga. By Gaby

It does not come naturally to associate Yoga and Nepal. The first thing that comes to your mind is Trekking, not Yoga. It is funny that just the opposite applies to India, you would not think Trek but Yoga. The fact is that there are wonderful mountains to trek in India and amazing yogis associated with Nepal. So why is this almost natural segregation?

When we refer to yoga, we are talking about a tradition of several thousands of year and Nepal or India as political boundaries are from the 18th century only, and obviously the Vedic Rishis and sages of the Upanishad who where so eager to transcend the limitation of the mind had other things to do than bother about political boundaries!
When we say yoga is India’s contribution to the world, this “India”, the historical India is the subcontinent and its geographical extent goes far beyond today’s Indian political boundaries. In fact it includes all the foothills of the Himalaya (much of today’s Nepal) up to the mountains of Afghanistan to the west and to what is today Bangladesh to the east and would even include Sri Lanka to the South.

Nepal, just like India, was shared and ruled by a number of local princes. The unification was done in 1768, under Prithvi Narayan Shah, a Gorkha king, and Nepal was often referred to as the Gorkha Kingdom. Gorkha was a name referring to the 8th century Hindu warrior saint Goraknath, disciple of Matsyendranath who is said to have brought Hatha Yoga to the world, after having heard it from Shiva himself, when he was spending some time at the bottom of the Ocean with Parvati.

So here are a few reasons to correct this mis-perception:

Nepal today offers a unique blend of Hindu and Buddhist culture, the two main religious influences over Yoga practices. In the Newar culture of the Katmandu Valley, some temples are the place of Hindu festival on certain days and Buddhist pilgrimage on another, completing an interesting and unique fusion. Some of the last genuinely tantric practice alive are also present and represented by the Vajrayana Buddhism tradition since Nepal host a large Tibetan refugee community.

Katmandu valley alone has 7 UNESCO World Heritage Sites related to both Hinduism and Buddhism, some of these places are some of the most visited pilgrimages site in the sub-continent and here the tradition is very alive. Together with the hundred of temples, shrines, monastery, stupas, pilgrimage sites, it makes the Katmandu Valley the most amazing “full size” mandala, a unique tribute to the spiritual architecture of its Vedic and tantric past.

Baghwar, one of the powerful place of the Shivapuri National Park
The Himalaya: home of Yogis for thousand of years. Also called “Tapo Bhumi” the land of practice (tapas) and mostly home of the God-heads Bhrama, Vishnu and Shiva (as described in the old Purana “Himavatkhandah” or “chapter on the Himalaya”) the Himalaya is home of many caves, hermitages and most importantly the “ageless body” of all these famous enlightened masters who have escaped to Nirvana and are waiting to inspire you.

The Mahasiddhas and the Nath tradition is at home in Nepal. Matsyendranath and his disciple Goraknath, founder of the Hatha Yoga tradition are also ever present in what was once called the “Gorkha Kingdom”. During spring one of the most amazing festival takes place in Nepal: the huge chariot of “Rato Matsyendranath” is man-pulled across the city of Patan, a festival not be missed!

Of course, last but not least, Nepal is also the birth place of Lord Buddha (Lumbini). There are many more reasons to come to Nepal of course but they 

When people ask us why we are conducting yoga training and retreats in Nepal, these are a few of the reasons we give, but there are many other, somehow insignificant but powerful. For example, my taxi driver phone ring is the Gayatri mantra, when I pay the electricity bill, it is shakti bill, when I go to the ATM it is LAxmi bank (the Goddess of wealth). Here you cant escape it, and evrytime you meet someone, greeting is Namaste "the Divine in me salutes the Divine in you".

Recently I was reading a post on a website: "Come to Goa, India, the motherland of Yoga", I could not stop laughing, in Goa you will find tourist, the true yogis have always delved in the Himalaya!

For more info about Yoga Training in Nepal check yogi-nomad.org
Kathmandu, Nepal
December 24, 2011 

For information about yoga and trekking: http://www.trekkinginnepal.com/
For more info about classes and retreats in Kathmandu http://www.yoganepal.com ; http://pranamaya-yoga.com

Yoga, some like it hot... By Gaby

A early morning experience at Pashupatinath...

This morning, wake up at 4h30, to attend a Ram Dev Yoga Class (a famous saint teaching yoga to large crowds in India) at Pashupatinath, the main burning ground of Kathmandu, with Poonam and Ashok, two upper class Nepalis. We enter the temple area, cross the bridge over the Baghmati River, and walk up the big stairs through lines of sleeping monkeys and freezing beggars sitting around bonfires.

We sit on a large carpet placed outdoor, it is still completely dark and by 6 am, the class commences. It is in Nepali and I can only get the Sanskrit names of the practices. There are about 25 persons sitting and waiting for instructions from the "guru" speaking in a mike. Students are of both sexes, of all ages and from all levels of the Nepali society. The sound system makes high sharp noise and there is a guy who does his best to fix it. On our left side, the stone shrines of Pashupati overlook the scene. Some stray dogs are sleeping between the rows of student, on the comfortable carpet that seems to be here just for them. On the wall in front, monkeys are looking for mischief and I am told to keep my bags close by, just in case. It smells of garbage burning and people around wear heavy winter jacket, hats and socks, and for a reason: it is 5°C and it feels like it.

We start with Om and mantras: I am happy to know them and to participate as everyone chant. Then we do a series of warming exercises like jogging on the spot and jumping back and forth between Urdva Mukha Svanasana (upward dog) and squat in order to beat up the cold, followed by some classical Surya Namaskar (sun salutation). We sit again for some pranayama (breathing techniques) and then some floor poses, always with some hand clapping and rubbing at interval to keep some feeling in our fingers numbed by the cold. The classes goes on for 90 minutes, alternating between gentle asanas and pranayamas, nothing that would satisfy the basic rules of a "flowing sequence" as modern yoga standards, but nevertheless a very classical practice. None of the challenging poses we see in the west neither and that was not expected by anyone here. People are in blue jeans or kurtas (local casual dress) and you can see they will probably go straight to work after this.

Shavasana is a challenge; the cold is biting fingers and toes. However, there is deep source of heat that comes from the center of my body, something that creates a bearable balance. I can feel a fire inside, working to keep the body warm, but from where I look, strangely there is no feeling or cold nor hot. After a few more rubbing hands, we finished with Simhasana (the Lion pose) and everyone roars wholeheartedly (not the shy practice I am used to) and then a good minute of laughter yoga. Such a genuine energy is coming out of this group that I can only feel humbled and grateful to be here.

By then the smell has changed to Chai (milk masala tea) and Aloo paratha (potatoe fried pancakes), the day is coming out, however the sun will need another half hour to come, the temperature is now 4°C. The power went off, so no more light nor mike, something everyone is used to here with more than 6 hours of daily power cut. The Pujaris (men in charge of the prayers at the shrines) are ringing bells, chanting and burning incense, the dogs are playing and fighting, the monkey roaming around in search of food. The beggars are sitting wrapped in rags in front of their begging bowls, the painted sadhus prepare to receive the crowds of tourist for the day. The first corpses are burning on the Ghats reminding us to appreciate every moment while we are here. Today we were closer to the Aghori (form of yoga practice on burning grounds). When we walk back over the bridge showing a once mighty Baghmati River, now looking more like a sewage drain, with barely enough water remaining to carry away the ashes of the departed souls, I feel sad for the little respect we pay to our home, mother Earth.

I know Pashupati (a form of Shiva) was here all along, I felt his strong and powerful presence. The legend says that Shiva was hiding in the nearby forest under the form of a deer (Pashu means animal), until worried; the other gods forced him back into his divine form. In the process, Shiva broke one horn and it became the linga worshipped here and one of the holiest places in the whole sub-continent.

Today the cold was our tapas (meaning heat, but also discipline and austerity). I can't help to think about how many times I have heard students complain about the "conditions" of practice, either too hot, too cold, etc. Always trying to fix something outside to feel good inside. I also think about Hot Yoga or Bikram yoga so in fashion these days, were the heat does not come from your practice but from the heated room and also about Tumo yoga a form of Kundalini Yoga practiced in the snow in Tibet. Here there was no performance, no fluorescent yoga mat, no Lulu Lemon clothing, the class was free, everyone was smiling and lighthearted, no one complained. Something was present here that I have never felt in any other classes in.

I think it was just simple and genuine faith, embedded in daily life and not something made up or pretending to be anything else. Some people told me "it is hard sometime but we feel so good after... will you come tomorrow?", I had tears in the eyes...

For info about Yoga Training in Nepal check yogi-nomad.org
Kathmandu, Nepal
December 12, 2011

For more info about classes and retreats in Kathmandu http://www.yoganepal.com ; http://pranamaya-yoga.com