Nepal spans geographically over an area of 1, 47,181 Sq. Km and Nepal's altitude varies from 90m to 8,848m above sea level, at the summit of Mount Everest. The whole country can be dividable into three distinct belts.
The Northern region consists of the snow-capped Himalayan range which forms the northern border of the country and represents 16% of the total land of Nepal. In this region the altitude ranges between 4877m and 8848m and encompasses eight of the fourteen highest summits in the world, including Mt. Everest, Annapurna, Dhaulagiri and others. Up to 4500m, the vegetation is sparse and although rare, the Snow Leopard and Danphe bird (the national bird) are also found here. In this region the inhabitants produce and sell yak cheese besides working as guides and porters.
The middle hilly region has elegant mountains, hills, valleys and lakes and accounts for about 65 percent of the total land of Nepal. It is formed by the Mahabharata range that soars from 500m up to 4877m and the lower Churia range including Kathmandu, the capital city of Nepal.
The southern Terai Plain region occupies about 17 percent of the total land area of the country and the average elevation of these flatlands is 65 to 500m above sea level. These lowlands consist of dense sub-tropical forests, marshes, wildlife reserves which include the Royal Bengal Tiger, One Horned Rhinoceros and the Gharial Crocodile, and is highly fertile thus making up most of the cultivated land.